The research paradigm — methodology, epistemology and ontology — explained in simple language July 15, CommentsViews I have put together this post to explain what a research paradigm is, which includes ontology, epistemology, theoretical framework and methodology, and why it is important for your research or PhD.
Selection of the Research Paradigm and Methodology Dr. In doing so, it deals with educational questions that can be investigated in a satisfactory manner, and the methods which enable such satisfactory investigation and the utility of results emanating from such investigation Dash, Since theoretical questions in education emerge from different conceptions and interpretations of social reality, different paradigms have been evolved to determine the criteria according to which one would select and define problems for inquiry.
During the past century, different paradigms have taken birth due to the remarkable Research paradigm in social sciences research. There are mainly two paradigms to the verification of theoretical propositions, i.
Positivism The positivist paradigm of exploring social reality is based on the philosophical ideas of the French philosopher August Comte, Research paradigm emphasized observation and reason as means of understanding human behaviour. According to him, true knowledge is based on experience of senses and can be obtained by observation and experiment.
Positivistic thinkers adopt his scientific method as a means of knowledge generation. Hence, it has to be understood within the framework of the principles and assumptions of science. These assumptions, as Conen et al noted, are determinism, empiricism, parsimony, and generality.
With these assumptions of science, the ultimate goal of science is to integrate and systematise findings into a meaningful pattern or theory which is regarded as tentative and not the ultimate truth.
Theory is subject to revision or modification as new evidence is found. Positivistic paradigm thus systematizes the knowledge generation process with the help of quantification, which is essential y to enhance precision in the description of parameters and the discernment of the relationship among them.
The examples of positivist paradigm and quantitative approach are provided in Table 1 at the end. Although positivistic paradigm continued to influence educational research for a long time in the later half of the twentieth century, it was criticized due to its lack of regard for the subjective states of individuals.
It regards human behaviour as passive, controlled and determined by external environment. Hence human beings are dehumanized without their intention, individualism and freedom taken into account in viewing and interpreting social reality.
According to the critics of this paradigm, objectivity needs to be replaced by subjectivity in the process of scientific inquiry.
This gave rise to anti-positivism or naturalistic inquiry. Anti-positivism Anti-positivism emphasizes that social reality is viewed and interpreted by the individual herself according to the ideological positions she possesses.
Therefore, knowledge is person all y experienced rather than acquired from or imposed from outside. The anti-positivists believe that reality is multi-layered and complex Cohen et al, and a single phenomenon is having multiple interpretations.
They emphasize that the verification of a phenomenon is adopted when the level of understanding of a phenomenon is such that the concern is to probe into the various unexplored dimensions of a phenomenon rather than establishing specific relationship among the components, as it happens in the case of positivism.
Anti-positivism is marked by three schools of thought in the social science research.
These are phenomenology, ethnomethodology and symbolicinteractionism. All the three schools of thought emphasise human interaction with phenomena in their daily lives, and suggest qualitative rather than quantitative approach to social inquiry.
It rules out any kind of objective external reality. Husserl and Schutz are the main proponents of this school of thought.A research paradigm is a conceptual framework that researchers use to conduct the research. The two basic research paradigms are positivism and interpretivism.
View our collections of research around key subject areas: CLOUD > COLLABORATION >. Assumptions of the Critical or Subtle Realist Paradigm. Critical or Subtle Realist Paradigms have emerged recently and in the context of the debate about the validity of interpretive research methods and the need for appropriate criteria for evaluating qualitative research.
Research methods refers to the more practical issues of choosing an appropriate research design – perhaps an experiment or a survey – to answer a research question, and 5/5(21).
The Times — August 12, — On the northern edge of the Las Vegas sprawl where city meets desert, a vast building resembling a giant hangar . Research Paradigms Qualitative Research Concepts Most quantitative research texts identify three primary types of research: Exploratory – research on a concept, people, or situation that the researcher knows little about.