Contemporary historians believe that 19th-century German idealist philosophers, especially those associated with Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegelare responsible for removing the specifically Christian resonance of the phrase and associating it with secular philosophical and sociological theories.
This section uncritically uses texts from within a religion or faith system without referring to secondary sources that critically analyze them. Please help improve this article by adding references to reliable secondary sourceswith multiple points of view.
February See also: End time in Indian religions The concept of cyclical patterns is prominent in Indian religionssuch as JainismHinduismSikhism and Buddhism among others.
The important distinction is that events don't repeat endlessly but souls take birth until they attain salvation. The wheel of life represents an endless cycle of birth, life, and death from which one seeks liberation.
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|Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche - Wikipedia||While interpretations of Nietzsche's overman vary wildly, here are a few of his quotes from Thus Spoke Zarathustra:|
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|Eternal return - Wikipedia||Hire Writer This gives insights with regard to the background of the quote and from whom this is taken from.|
In Tantric Buddhisma wheel of time concept known as the Kalachakra expresses the idea of an endless cycle of existence and knowledge.
According to Heidegger, it is the burden imposed by the question of eternal recurrence—whether or not such a thing could possibly be true—that is so significant in modern thought: Nietzsche sums up his thought most succinctly when he addresses the reader with: Sirius, and the spider, and thy thoughts at this moment, and this last thought of thine that all things will return".
However, he also expresses his thought at greater length when he says to his reader: Your whole life, like a sandglass, will always be reversed and will ever run out again, - a long minute of time will elapse until all those conditions out of which you were evolved return in the wheel of the cosmic process.
And then you will find every pain and every pleasure, every friend and every enemy, every hope and every error, every blade of grass and every ray of sunshine once more, and the whole fabric of things which make up your life.
This ring in which you are but a grain will glitter afresh forever. And in every one of these cycles of human life there will be one hour where, for the first time one man, and then many, will perceive the mighty thought of the eternal recurrence of all things: In Ecce Homohe wrote that he thought of the eternal return as the "fundamental conception" of Thus Spoke Zarathustra.
Several authors have pointed out other occurrences of this hypothesis in contemporary thought. Henri Lichtenberger and Charles Andler have pinpointed three works contemporary to Nietzsche which carried on the same hypothesis: Walter Benjamin juxtaposes Blanqui and Nietzsche's discussion of eternal recurrence in his unfinished, monumental work The Arcades Project.
Vogt's work, on the other hand, was read by Nietzsche during this summer of in Sils-Maria. Walter Kaufmann suggests that Nietzsche may have encountered this idea in the works of Heinrich Heinewho once wrote: They may indeed disperse into the smallest particles; but these particles, the atoms, have their determinate numbers, and the numbers of the configurations which, all of themselves, are formed out of them is also determinate.
Now, however long a time may pass, according to the eternal laws governing the combinations of this eternal play of repetition, all configurations which have previously existed on this earth must yet meet, attract, repulse, kiss, and corrupt each other again He professes that the wish for the eternal return of all events would mark the ultimate affirmation of life: What, if some day or night a demon were to steal after you into your loneliest loneliness and say to you: Would you not throw yourself down and gnash your teeth and curse the demon who spoke thus?
Or have you once experienced a tremendous moment when you would have answered him: Not merely to bear the necessary, still less to conceal it—all idealism is mendaciousness before the necessary—but to love it. Though the task of rolling the stone repeatedly up the hill without end is inherently meaningless, the challenge faced by Sisyphus is to refrain from despair.
Hence Camus famously concludes that, "one must imagine Sisyphus happy. Even if there were exceedingly few things in a finite space in an infinite time, they would not have to repeat in the same configurations.
Suppose there were three wheels of equal size, rotating on the same axis, one point marked on the circumference of each wheel, and these three points lined up in one straight line.
However the example presupposes the possibility of perfect continuity:With the death of God, Nietzsche believed that man would be free to create values that agreed more generously with human nature rather than just inheriting religious values.
As humans, we are all to depend on God/5(2). Eternal return (also known as eternal recurrence) is a theory that the universe and all existence and energy has been recurring, and will continue to recur, in a self-similar form an infinite number of times across infinite time or space.
The theory is found in Indian philosophy and in ancient Egypt and was subsequently taken up by the Pythagoreans and Stoics. Nietzsche philosophy was based on atheism (Saugstad ), Nietzsche had a "basic acceptance of Feuerbach's view that human beings incented God by devising of any sense of their own powers.
It wasn't just it didn't believe in religion, It . God’s death as connoting the death of the God of the philosophers, to use Pascal’s phrase. Insofar as popular literature even attempts to wrestle with Nietzsche’s pronouncement, the secularization thesis is probably the dominant understanding.
William Lane Craig is a prolific Christian philosopher, apologist, author, and public debater. He is the best debater – on any topic – that I’ve ever heard.
As far as I can tell, he has won nearly all his debates with lausannecongress2018.com debating him, atheists have consistently failed to put forward solid arguments, and consistently failed to point out the flaws in Craig’s arguments.
Friedrich Nietzsche (–) was a German philosopher and cultural critic who published intensively in the s and s. He is famous for uncompromising criticisms of traditional European morality and religion, as well as of conventional philosophical ideas and social and political pieties associated with modernity.