Many mistakenly think the two terms can be used interchangeably. So what is the difference between Qualitative Research and Quantitative Research? Qualitative Research Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations.
What are Examiners Looking for in a Thesis? In short, Chapter 1 describes why the research question is being asked and Chapter 3 describes how the research question is answered.
Note that there are several ways of writing Chapter 3 and the following is a suggestion on the sub-sections to include. Here, Chapter 3 for qualitative research has been divided into 8 sub-sections.
Please check with the requirements specified by your respective institution. You would assume that the reader should know what the study is all about. Hence, it would be appreciated by future readers if Methodology qualitative research told them briefly the problem statement, purpose, research questions and the underlying theory of your study so that they understand this chapter.
The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of performance-related pay on motivation of employees. If the employee feels they are not compensated for their work, they may tend to decrease in being productive in their work This chapter is divided into several section addressing the choice of research design, selection of informants, data collection procedures, pilot-testing, instrumentation and data analysis".
However, having this sub-section enables you to tell the reader from the on-set whether your study used an ethnographic, case study, phenomenological, narrative analysis, historical inquiry, grounded theory or the generic qualitative method that does not subscribe to any specific qualitative philosophy.
For example, why did you choose the case study method or the grounded theory method or the narrative inquiry method.
Show how the method you had chosen helped accomplish the goals of the study. Focus only on what you employed and implemented in your study.
Discuss in detail the steps you took when using a particular design. Description of your research design needs to have enough detail to eliminate assumptions of the need to ask questions by someone who want to adopt or adapt your research design. Cite from textbooks and articles on qualitative methods by the greats such as Guba, Lincoln, Creswell, Merriam, Patton, Charmaz and others.
However, do not take chunks from these authors but focus on what you need in telling readers about the particular design or method you used or had adapted accordingly. The strength of the case study method is because it allows for the examination of the phenomenon in depth using various kinds of evidence obtained from interviews with those involved, direct observation of events and analysis of documents and artifacts Yin, Also, the case study was used because the focus of the study is more to describe and explain rather than prediction, and the variable variable studied is note easily unidentifiable or embedded in the phenomenon to be extracted for study Merriam, In addition, the case study allows for empirical inquiry of phenomenon within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are not clearly evident Yin, Discuss where the Interview with your subjects or informants took place.
How did you arrange the setting to ensure the level of quiet, intimacy and privacy. Secondary data sources included documents provided by participants that pertain to the study Interviews were conducted based on questions listed in Interview Guide see Appendix C.
However, participants were allowed the freedom to talk about their experiences in a way in which they were comfortable The issue of sampling can be quite confusing in qualitative research.
Students often ask "how many subjects or informants" do I need for my study. Oftentimes, it is a difficult question to answer. Students should avoid applying the sampling principles of quantitative research.
The key consideration in sampling in qualitative research is "saturation" and not representativeness and the size of the sample is not statistically determined Neuman, Outline the procedures you adopted for selecting the sample of 10 Managers including justification for the sampling method or sampling procedure; i.
The researcher worked in conjunction with the Head of Department, in choosing participants, based on their level of experience in caring for patients that suffer from dementia as well as their qualifications.
There were 12 potential participants, of whom seven participated in the study. Some of the nurses were not available as they were off duty, off sick, on holiday, while others did not want to participate in the study In-person interviews were conducted and recorded in a quiet, neutral location where the participants were not in danger and there was no intimidation or coercion Chapter 3 Research Design and Methodology.Qualitative research approaches are employed across many academic disciplines, focusing particularly on the human elements of the social and natural sciences; in less academic contexts, areas of application include qualitative market research, business, service demonstrations by non-profits, and journalism.
Methodology, theory, paradigm, algorithm, and method. The methodology is the general research strategy that outlines the way in which research is to be undertaken and, among other things, identifies the methods to be used in it.
These methods, described in the methodology, define the means or modes of data collection or, sometimes, how a specific result is to be calculated. Qualitative Research Definition: Qualitative research methods is defined as a process that focuses on obtaining data through open-ended and conversational communication.
This method is not only about “what” people think but also “why” they think so. Also, read in this blog qualitative research examples, types, & more.
FAWE Forum for African Women Educa onalists A Guide to Gender - Sensitive Research Methodology Prepared by Sela M. Musundi, Jane K. Onsongo and . Qualitative Data Collection Methods Qualitative data collection methods are exploratory in nature and are mainly concerned with gaining insights and understanding on underlying reasons and motivations.
4. Formulating A Qualitative Research Question. With this background knowledge you are ready to formulate your own research question(s). Qualitative research questions are the why and wherefores rather than asking “how often” something occurs and how widespread it is.