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Is Hell endothermic or exothermic? Is Hell hotter than Heaven? A delightful story has been circulating around the Internet for years.
It concerns an imaginative answer to a mid-term chemistry exam at a U. The student's answer -- the only one in his class that got an "A" -- is so Heat pipe thesis that we want to share it with you.
Unfortunately, we were originally unable to trace the copyright author, so we can only paraphrase the story. He wrote it for Taylor's internal newsletter.
Support your answer with a proof. Most of the students' answers made reference to Boyle's law. This is a fundamental law in chemistry that describes how the temperature of a gas varies with its pressure.
When a gas expands, it cools off. This can be observed when you open the valve on a compressed air pipe; the air released will cool down the the surroundings. When a gas is compressed, it heats up. This is why, when you pump up a tire with a hand pump, the gas is compressed and heats up the pump barrel.
Air conditioners work by first compressing a gas, causing it to heat up. Then the gas is allowed to cool. Finally, it is permitted to expand, thus cooling its surroundings.
The student who received an "A" started his calculations by considering whether the total mass of Hell was increasing or decreasing with time. For this, he had to first calculate whether there was a net increase in the number of souls in Hell with time, or a reduction.
From basic theological assumptions, no souls ever leave Hell. Hell is conceived of as a place of punishment where its inmates are tortured for all eternity. On the other hand, souls are continually entering Hell.
The student observed that many religions teach that anyone who is not a member of their particular faith will go to Hell. Historically, Christians have taught that all non-Christians will go to Hell.
And many non-Christians have believed that all Christians will go there as well. One might therefore assume that all souls will end up in Hell. Thus with souls continually entering Hell and no souls exiting, the total mass of Hell is increasing.
There are two possibilities: If the volume of Hell is expanding at a slower rate than souls are entering, then the temperature and pressure in Hell will "clearly increase until all Hell breaks loose.
She said that "it will be a cold night in Hell before I sleep with you. He concluded that Hell is in no danger of freezing over.
Thus Option 2 is invalid, the temperature of Hell is increasing, and thus Hell is exothermic. Which location is hotter: The temperatures of Heaven and of Hell are not given specifically in the Bible.
That may be because the various temperature scales Fahrenheit, Celsius, Rankin and Kelvin were not created by the 1st century CE. However, there is sufficient data available to estimate the temperature of Heaven, and to know at least the maximum temperature of Hell.
The Stefan-Boltzmann law for radiation links the temperature of an object with the amount of radiation received. It would predict that the temperature of heaven would be degrees Celsius hotter than the earth is currently.
However, this temperature would only be the "steady-state" temperature. Presumably Heaven was created shortly after Earth so that it would be ready for its first inhabitants: Abel, Adam and Eve.With Apple and non-Apple notebook vendors keen to launch slim models, magnesium-lithium alloy is expected to become an increasingly popular material for notebook casings, according to Jonathan C Lin, chief operating officer at Amli Materials Technology, a Taiwan-based supplier of light metals.
Abstract. The formation of deposits on heat transfer surfaces is an important problem during convective and nucleate boiling heat transfer to water. of a liquid metal heat pipe space shuttle experiment thesis timothy j.
dickinson, captain, usaf x afitigaeieny/96d-2 department of the air force air university air force institute of technology mti qum=it i=sp~c,'td 3 wright-patterson air force base, ohio. afit/gae/eny/96d-2 performance analysis of a liquid metal heat pipe.
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