Abstract Background A number of studies have shown a range of negative psychological symptoms e. The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for depression in both children and adults who have survived natural disasters.
Measurement Demographics Respondents were asked to report several demographic details including: Participants indicated their age by inputting a two-digit number.
Gender had five options to choose from: Sexual orientation was assessed with the question: This variable was then collapsed to form 10 different groups: The same response options were available for the original religious affiliation as were for the current religious affiliation item.
Indicators of Religious and Sexual Orientation Identity Conflict Participants responded to several items that assessed religious conflict characteristics.
From these items three indicators of identity conflict were created: The leaving religion due to conflict variable was created using the item: Reports of parental religious beliefs being anti-homosexual indicate the potential for religious identity conflict.
Anti-homosexual parental religious beliefs were assessed with the item: Four mutually exclusive conflict self-report groups were created: Non-religious upbringing, religious upbringing with no conflict, religious upbringing with resolved conflict, and religious upbringing with unresolved conflict.
Three items were used to create these groups. Conflict was self-reported with the item: If participants indicated that they had a religious upbringing i. All other participants were placed in the non-religious upbringing category. Internalized homophobia A total internalized homophobia score ranging from 0 to 3 was created by adding up the total of three dichotomous items assessing comfort with being LGBT, desire to not be LGBT, and desire to change from being LGBT.
Non-comfort with being LGBT was assessed using the item: The non-comfort item was dichotomized in this way because we were most interested in the converse of being comfortable. Suicidality Three different outcome measures were used for measuring suicide risk: Suicidal thoughts were measured using the likert-like item: A dichotomous, instead of a continuous, variable was utilized for analysis because presence of suicidal thoughts rather than frequency was the focus of this study.
However, in order to account for chronic suicidal thoughts this same original item was recoded so that responses indicating fleeting suicidal ideation were recoded as 0 i.
All other values were made 0 on this variable. Suicide attempt in the last year, as opposed to a different time frame, was used for two reasons:Data analysis identified three main themes: (1) adolescents’ awareness of substance use and associated harm; (2) gender role and image and (3) perceived factors affecting substance use among adolescents.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) young adults are at disproportionate risk for experiencing distress and abuse. A recent meta-analysis by Friedman et al. () found that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adolescents report higher rates of abuse, victimization, and bullying than their heterosexual peers.
Feb 07, · The latest survey shows stress is on the decline overall but still hover above healthy levels, especially for young adults. In the national Stress in America survey, an annual analysis by Harris Interactive for the American Psychological Association, 35% of adults polled since reported.
theorizing religious effects among american adolescents 19 serious problem; that it is good for young people to get more education, not to drop out of school; and that it is good for youth to be politically and civically committed and engaged.
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy and clinical outcomes among young adults reporting high-risk sexual behavior, including men who have sex with men, in coastal Kenya.
AIDS Behav ; – Introduction: The aims of this study were to explore the associations between, and the factors of, subjective well-being, health, and religiosity among Qatari undergraduates. A sample of male and female college students from University of Qatar responded to the Oxford Happiness Inventory.