The line followed was to argue that Germanys invasion of Belgium and France, according to the Schlieffen plan, was a defensive response to the aggression it was facing from Britain, France and Russia. German soldiers were thus presented as heroes, defending the Father Land from invasion and destruction. They were shedding the blood of heroes, dying the death of heroes for the sake of the Father land.
The causes of the Franco-Prussian War are deeply rooted in the events surrounding the unification of Germany.
In the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War ofPrussia had annexed numerous territories and formed the North German Confederation. This new power destabilized the European balance of power established by the Congress of Vienna in after the Napoleonic Wars.
France was strongly opposed to any further alliance of German states, which would have significantly strengthened the Prussian military. France feared encirclement by an alliance between Prussia and Spain.
They also argue that he wanted a war to resolve growing domestic political problems. Other historians, notably French historian Pierre Milza, dispute this. According to Milza, the Emperor had no need for a war to increase his popularity.
Gramont, the French foreign minister, declared that he felt "he had just received a slap". The leader of the monarchists in Parliament, Adolphe Thiersspoke for moderation, arguing that France had won the diplomatic battle and there was no reason for war, but he was drowned out by cries that he was a traitor and a Prussian.
On 19 July a declaration of war was sent to the Prussian government. A French mitrailleuse in the Bundeswehr Military History Museum The French Army consisted in peacetime of approximatelysoldiers, some of them regulars, others conscripts who until served the comparatively long period of seven years with the colours.
However, following the " Seven Weeks War " between Prussia and Austria four years earlier, it had been calculated that the French Army could field onlymen to face the Prussian Army when potentially 1, would be required. Universal conscription rather than by ballot, as previously and a shorter period of service gave increased numbers of reservists, who would swell the army to a planned strength ofon mobilisation.
Those who for any reason were not conscripted were to be enrolled in the Garde Mobilea militia with a nominal strength ofHowever, the Franco-Prussian War broke out before these reforms could be completely implemented.
The mobilisation of reservists was chaotic and resulted in large numbers of stragglers, while the Garde Mobile were generally untrained and often mutinous.
The mitrailleuse was mounted on an artillery gun carriage and grouped in batteries in a similar fashion to cannon. The only campaign plan prepared between and was a defensive one.
Service was compulsory for all men of military age, and thus Prussia and its North and South German allies could mobilise and field some 1, soldiers in time of war. Rather than advancing in a column or line formationPrussian infantry moved in small groups that were harder to target by artillery or French defensive fire.
The Prussian army was unique in Europe for having the only such organisation in existence, whose purpose in peacetime was to prepare the overall war strategy, and in wartime to direct operational movement and organise logistics and communications.
Moltke embraced new technology, particularly the railroad and telegraph, to coordinate and accelerate mobilisation of large forces.
VI Corps would reinforce either army as needed. The Austro-Hungarians, still reeling after their defeat by Prussia in the Austro-Prussian Warwere treading carefully before stating that they would only side with France if the south Germans viewed the French positively.
However the Prussians resisted strongly, and the French suffered 86 casualties to the Prussian 83 casualties. Only one railway there led to the German hinterland but could be easily defended by a single force, and the only river systems in the region ran along the border instead of inland.
Battle of Wissembourg Bavarian infantry at the battle of Wissembourg, This organization was due to a lack of supplies, forcing each division to seek out food and forage from the countryside and from the representatives of the army supply arm that was supposed to provision them.
What made a bad situation much worse was the conduct of General Auguste-Alexandre Ducrotcommander of the 1st Division. He told General Abel Douaycommander of the 2nd Division, on 1 August that "The information I have received makes me suppose that the enemy has no considerable forces very near his advance posts, and has no desire to take the offensive".
Even though Ducrot shrugged off the possibility of an attack by the Germans, MacMahon tried to warn his other three division commanders, without success.
This battle saw the unsupported division of General Douay of I Corps, with some attached cavalry, which was posted to watch the border, attacked in overwhelming but uncoordinated fashion by the German 3rd Army. During the day, elements of a Bavarian and two Prussian corps became engaged and were aided by Prussian artillery, which blasted holes in the city defenses.The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (French: Guerre franco-allemande de , German: Deutsch-Französischer Krieg), often referred to in France as the War of , was a conflict between the Second French Empire and later the Third French Republic, and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of lausannecongress2018.comon: France, and Rhine Province.
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end of Franco-Prussian War. The Three Emperors' League. Dual Alliance. The Three. Mar 08, · A new kind of war. World War One was like no other war before in history. The main theatre of war, the Western Front, was deadlocked from a few months after the war's start in until a few.
War and Military History encompasses the causes and effects, the courses and actions, the good and the bad, of warlike activities - from the .
HIST The War of Ideas in European and International History, Present. Credits. The ideas that made people fight, from the French Revolution to the worldwide uprisings of the s and beyond. World War I was a direct result of a tangled system of secret alliances.
Beginning after the unification of Germany in , many European nations began secretly allying themselves with .